Find a local pick your own farm here!

Are you trying to choose the right variety of apple for your needs? There are many to choose from. There are heirloom varieties that have been around for hundreds of years and apple growers are constantly creating new varieties to meet consumer tastes and 2019 is no exception. Scroll down this page for a table of dozens of apple varieties includingphotos and their characteristics and best uses. This page has tips about harvesting and storing apples. And if you bring home some apples and want to make applesauce, apple butter, apple juice, apple pie, apple cobbler, apple crisp, even apple cider, just click the links for each to follow directions and recipes or see this page see this page for a master list of simple, reliable, illustrated canning, freezing or preserving directions. There are plenty of other related resources, such as this list of local regional and apple festivals - click on the resources dropdown above.

If you have questions or feedback, please let me know!  

What's in season in September 2019, and other timely information:

Notes for September 2019: Summer is here and that means blueberries, peaches, raspberries, blackberries, figs, corn and tomatoes are here. Check your area's specific crop calendar (see this page) and call your local farms for seasonal updates. Strawberries and cherries are finishing up in the north, long done in the South.

See these pages to find a local Peach festival, Blueberry festival and other festivals. We have a guide to peach varieties here. Also recipes, canning and freezing directions for strawberries, blueberries, peaches, tomatoes, corn etc.

See our comprehensive list of easy home canning, jam and jelly making, preserving, drying and freezing directions. You can access recipes and other resources from the drop down menus at the top of the page or the site search. If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to write me! It is easy to make your own ice cream, even gelato, or low fat or low sugar ice cream - see this page. Also note, there are many copycat website listing U-pick farms now.  They have all copied their information from here and usually do not ever update.  Since 2002, I've been updating the information every day but Christmas; so if you see anything wrong or outdated, please write me!

Children's Consignment Sales occur in both the Spring and Fall  See our companion website to find a local community or church kid's consignment sale!

Apple varieties Alphabetical Chart - which apple to pick and why!

2019 looks to have apples ripening on their normal schedule. There have been few late frosts in the main apple growing regions, rain and temperatures have been good, so the year is shaping up well for a good apple crop. It's too early for prices, but I expect most areas to see $14 to $30 a bushel, depending on variety! Scroll down the page to see the chart, or click here for a PDF print version. And for an explanation of why apple slices turn brown and how to stop it, see this page!  To see how to properly store apples for the winter, see this page!

Varieties which are exceptional for a trait are noted in the chart below (Best, very good, etc.). Varieties which are at least good and well-suited have an "X" in a column.  A blank box simply means that they are average for the quality. Ultimately, it is personal preference and cultural traditions. that often determines which varieties of apples are used for which purpose. That said, sweeter and softer apples make the best applesauce (like Gala), harder, drier apples are often used for baking and storing (like Rome and Arkansas Black), and tarter, more crisp and juicier apples are often eaten fresh (like Honeycrisp).

The U.S. Apple Organization tells us the most popular (by sales) fresh apple varieties are, in order:

  1. Gala
  2. Red Delicious
  3. Fuji
  4. Granny Smith
  5. Honeycrisp
  6. Golden Delicious
  7. McIntosh
  8. Pink Lady
  9. Braeburn
  10. Ambrosia

Honeycrisp and Pink Lady continue to move up the chart, and Red Delicious is moving down.

If you would like to print a clean PDF version of this table, click here.

Apple Varieties Guide - Which Apple to Pick and Why!

Summary Table (click here for the detailed guide)

(Sorted alphabetically on variety name; see this page for a sort by typical ripening date)

Blank means OK or average

Name

Typical Ripening Date
Dates are approximate and vary CONSIDERABLY
with weather, location and more!

Eating fresh

Cooking

Apple Sauce

Apple Pie

Apple Juice

Apple
Butter

Storage

http://www.andersonorchards.com/images/apples/akane_small.jpgAkane

August 

X

ambrosia appleAmbrosia 

mid to late
September

X

X

good

X

X

X

 Should Refrigerate 

Arkansas Black

mid to late
October

Baking

too hard

Great keeper

Black Twig appleBlack Twig  

mid to late
October 

X

X

X

X

X

X

Blushing Golden appleBlushing Golden

early to
Mid October

X

X

X

X

X

Braeburn appleBraeburn  

early to
Mid October 

X

X

X

X

Cameo

early to
Mid October 

Very
good

X

Very
good

X

X

cortland_appleCortland

mid to late
September

X

X

X

X

X

Earligold appleEarligold

August

X

X  

X  

X  

 Must Refrigerate

Enterprise appleEnterprise

early to
Mid October

X

X

Evercrisp appleEvercrisp  Mid October through November 

Very
good

X

 Very
Good

X

BEST

X

 Excellent storage due to it's parents (Fuji and Honeycrisp) 

fuji_appleFuji

mid to late
October

Very
good

X

BEST

X

X

Great keeper; stores well in garage or basement

Gala appleGala

mid August to
early September

Very
good

X

BEST

X

X

X

Must refrigerate; even then only keeps for a few weeks

Ginger Gold appleGinger Gold  

September 

Very
good

X

Very
good

X

X

golden_delicious_appleGolden Delicious

mid to late
September

X

X

Very
good

X

X

X

 Should Refrigerate 

grannysmith_appleGranny Smith

mid to late
October

X

X

X

\Gravenstein appleGravenstein August

X

X

Very
good

X

X

X

 Should Refrigerate 

Grimes Golden August X X       X  

Honeycrisp appleHoneycrisp

September

Very
good

X

 good, but watery

X

BEST

X

Storage is good, not great

Idared appleIdared October 

X

X

X

Jazz appleJazz 

early to
Mid October

X

X

Very
good

X

X

X

Jersey Mac appleJersey Mac

August

X

X

OK 

Jonagold_appleJonagold

mid to late
September 

X

Very
good

X

OK

JonaliciousJonalicious

mid to late
September

X

X

Very
good

X

X

X

 Must Refrigerate 

Jonamac apple Jonamac

mid to late
September 

X

Very
good

X

OK 

Jonathon_appleJonathan

mid to late
September

X

X

Very
good

X

X

X

OK

Jubilee

mid September
to early October

X

X

X

X

Stores well - it is an earlier version of Fuji

keepsake appleKeepsake

Late September to
early October

X

X

X

Liberty appleLiberty

mid to late
October

X

X

Lodi

Mid July 

X

GOOD 

Must Refrigerate
 

Macoun appleMacoun

mid to late
October

X

X

McIntosh appleMcIntosh

September

X

good

X

X

melrose_appleMelrose

early to
Mid October

X

X

Very
good

X

X

X

Mollies_delicious appleMollies Delicious


August

X  

Must Refrigerate

Mutsu, also called Crispin  

Late September to
early October

X

X

Very
good

X

X

Northern Spy appleNorthern Spy

Late September to
early October

X

X

Very good for storing

Pau;a Red applePaulaRed

mid August to
early September

X

X

X

X

X

Pink Lady applePink Lady

mid to late
October

X

X

good

X

X

X

red_delicious_appleRed Delicious

mid to late
September

X

good

X

Rome appleRome

early to
Mid October

X

X

ShizukaShizuka

Late September to
early October

X

X

X

X

X

X

Snowsweet appleSnowsweet  Late September, 2 weeks after HoneyCrisp 

X

 

X

X

X

X

Good

StaymanStayman

Early September

Stayman Winesap appleStayman Winesap

mid to late
October

X

X

good

X

Strawberry appleStrawberry Early September 

X

X

X

X

X

OK 

Suncrisp

mid to late
October

X

X

X

X

X

Sundance appleSundance

early to
Mid October

X

X

X

X

SweeTango appleSweeTango 

mid August to
early September

X

X

X

X

Ultra GoldUltra Gold

mid to late
September

X

X

X

X

X

X

Yates appleYates

mid to late
October

X

X

X

X

Stores very well

Zestar appleZestar  mid-July to mid-August 

X

X

X

X

X

X

 Should Refrigerate 

 

Click here for detailed descriptions of each apple variety with detailed characteristics 

Of course, each region of the country and each season varies. Variations in rainfall and temperature greatly affect the usual ripening date. So call ahead!

 

 

English Apple Varieties

These links take you to photos on GardenAction.co.uk

 

More about apple varieties can be found:

University of Illinois Apple page

More Apple Varieties

Apple Photos
Over 100 photos of apple varieties

Apple photos and brief descriptions

Credits:

photos:
Jonamac, Macoun, PaulaRed: Courtesy of New York Apple Association, © New York Apple Association

And if you are looking for shipping containers for apples and other fruit, see this page.

 


Home Canning Kits

This is the same type of standard canner that my grandmother used to make everything from applesauce to jams and jellies to tomato and spaghetti sauce. This complete kit includes everything you need and lasts for years: the canner, jar rack, jar grabber tongs, lid lifting wand, a plastic funnel, labels, bubble freer, and the bible of canning, the Ball Blue Book. It's much cheaper than buying the items separately. You'll never need anything else except jars & lids (and the jars are reusable)! There is also a simple kit with just the canner and rack, and a pressure canner, if you want to do vegetables (other than tomatoes). To see more canners, of different styles, makes and prices, click here!

Get canning lids on Amazon here, fast and inexpensive, and BPA-free    Mrs. Wages salsa canning mix

Lids, Rings, Jars, mixes, pectin, etc.

Need lids, rings and replacement jars?  Or pectin to make jam, spaghetti sauce or salsa mix or pickle mixes?  Get them all here, and usually at lower prices than your local store!

Get them all here at the best prices on the internet!