Apricot facts and picking tips
Apricot Facts, Picking Tips and Recipes
the U.S., Apricots typically peak from June through July in the South, and
July and August in the North. In order to produce good local apricots, producers
depend on ideal spring and early summer weather conditions, and no late frosts.
If you want to know
which are the best varieties of
apricots for home canning, see this page!
Before you leave to go to the farm:
Always call before you go to the farm - Apricots are affected by weather
(both rain and cooler temperature) more than most crops. And when they are
in season, a large turnout can pick a field clean before noon, so CALL
early. On weekends, then fields may be picked clean by NOON!
Most growers furnish picking containers designed for apricots, but they may
charge you for them; be sure to call before you go to see if you need to
If you use your own containers, remember that heaping Apricots on top of
each other will bruise the fruit on the bottom.
Plastic dishpans, metal oven pans with 3 inch tall sides and large
pots make good containers, so you can spread them out.
something to drink and a few snacks; you'd be surprised how you can work up
a thirst and appetite! And don't forget hats and sunscreen for the sun. Bugs
usually aren't a problem, but some deet might be good to bring along if it
has been rainy.
You might want to ask whether the apricots are! There are two major types of
apricots: "Freestone" and. "Clingstone". Freestone apricots and nectarines
have flesh that slips easily away from the pit. Clingstones are a REAL pain,
because the fruit tenaciously clings to the stone or pit! Most apricot
varieties grown today are freestone and are usually available (depending
upon your location) from June through September. Some nectarines are
freestone and some are clingstone. Freestone nectarines are available in
June and July. Most plum varieties are clingstone.
When you get home
Spread the fruit out on towels or newspapers and separate any mushy or
damaged fruit to use immediately.
- Put a couple of days supply into the fridge, wash and cut the others and
freeze them up!
- Even under ideal conditions apricots will only keep for a week in a
refrigerator, so for best flavor and texture, use them as soon as possible
- Now, get ready to make Apricot jam or canned apricots - It is VERY easy -
especially with our free directions and recipes:
How to tell if the apricots are ripe!
- Attached to the tree: Apricots are best picked when the fruit
separates easily from the twigs. If it is hard to pull off the tree, it
isn't ripe! Apricots will not ripen further once removed from the tree (they
- Color: Green is definitely unripe, but you can't use red color as
an indicator of how ripe a apricot is. Different apricot varieties have
differing amounts of red blush in their natural coloring. Pick them when the
ground color changes from green to yellow, orange, red (or a combination).
The skin of yellow-fleshed varieties ripens to an orange tint, while the
skin of white-fleshed varieties changes from greenish- to yellow-white.
- Softness: unless you
like your apricots very firm, pick your apricots with just a little "give"
when gently pressed. Apricots at this stage are great for eating, freezing,
and baking. Apricots won't ripen very much after picking!
- Odor: It should smell sweet and ripe!
Tips on How to Pick Apricots
apricot is softer than most fruit, so it is important to pick a apricot gently, with
little pressure. Using the sides of your fingers rather your fingertips helps to
avoid bruising. Grab the apricot firmly and pull it straight off the branch.
DON'T drop the apricot into the basket, but set it in gently!
Marks on the Apricots: Bugs (particularly squash bugs and stink bugs)
bite fruit during development and this results in some imperfections in the
apricot. This is especially the case with organically raised fruit. These
look like dents in the apricots if the apricots were bitten by a bug when they
were young. This causes a spot that does not grow properly and makes a wrinkle
in the apricot. There's nothing wrong with these apricots. They may look funny, but
they will taste just as good as blemish-free apricots, and it's better not to
have the pesticides!
Apricot Canning, Freezing and Recipes
How much do you need?
- About 6 medium apricots = 1 cup sliced apricots.
- About 4 medium apricots = 1 cup pureed apricot.
- 1 pound fresh apricots = 8 to 12 whole fruits
Process yields (Raw amounts to processed amounts)
- 2 to 21/2 pounds of fresh apricots yields 1 quart canned
- 2-1/2 pounds fresh apricots = 2 to 3 pints frozen
- 1 lb of fresh apricots typically yields 3 cups of peeled, sliced
or 2 cups or puree.
- It takes about 5 good sizes apricots or nectarines (or about 10 plums) to
fill one quart jar of canned apricots.
- An average of 17 -1/2 pounds of fresh apricots are needed per canner load of
- An average of 11 pounds is needed per canner load of 9 pints.
- 1 bushel = 48 to 50 pounds, yields approximately 18 to 25 quart jars.
Apricots-Average retail price per pound and per cup equivalent
- 16-ounce can apricots = 2 cups drained
- 6 pounds fresh apricots = 1 pound dried apricots
- 1 pound dried apricots = 2-3/4 cups
- 1 pound dried apricots = 5 cups cooked
- 6 ounces dried apricots = 1 cup
- 6 ounces dried apricots = 2 cups cooked
Apricot pit tips
It's best to remove apricot pits before you cook the apricots. Cherry,
and apricot pits also contain amygdalin; the latter two, in potentially harmful
amounts. Fortunately, apricot and apricot pits are sufficiently large and hard
that few people intentionally swallow or chew them. (The unapproved anti-cancer
Laetrile is a semisynthetic derivative of amygdalin; a cheaper version of
laetrile produced in Mexico came from crushed apricot pits.)
See this page for more
Delicious and Nutritious
1 medium apricot
- apricots are virtually fat free. A medium size apricot contains less than
one gram of fat.
- apricots are naturally sodium free.
- apricots have no cholesterol.
- apricots are a low calorie snack. A medium size apricot contains only 40
- apricots contain vitamin A which helps us see in dim light.
- apricots are considered a good source of fiber. The skin of a apricot
provides both roughage and fiber.
Temporary Storage Tips
- Ripe apricots have a creamy or golden undertone and "apricoty-sweet"
- Apricots should be refrigerated and used within a few days.
- Putting apricots and nectarines in a loosely closed paper bag at room
temperature for a day or two can help soften firm fruit - but they won't
become sweeter or ripen further - that stopped when they were removed from
- For best flavor, allow the fruit to ripen fully on the tree.
- Store at 33°F to 40°F and high humidity (a vegetable drawer in the
Preserving the fruit
Question: Which is better, to can or freeze apricots?
Answer: In my experience, going back 50 years to my childhood, when my mother
also canned and froze apricots, we both found that frozen were superior in color
and flavor to canned apricots. It all depends upon whether you have room in your
- Apricot butter
you like apple butter and you like apricots, you'll LOVE this
easy apricot butter recipe,
complete with canning instructions, so you can make them now and give them
away at Christmas time!
Substituting Frozen or Canned Apricots for Fresh
In most recipes, frozen or canned apricots can be substituted for fresh
apricots. The frozen and canned apricots have already been sweetened; therefore,
the amount of sugar called for in a recipe will have to be adjusted. Also, the
apricots should usually be drained before using.
Grow your own apricots?
Most commercial apricots are griwn in California and other
southern states. But if you live in U.S. Department of
Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9.which is most of the
US you can grow apricots. You can plant only one tree if you want,
since mostapricots varieties are self-pollinating. The trees
are covered in pretty white or pink flowers in in early spring and
produce a substantial crop per tree.